The ventromedial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC) has been extensively implicated in computing these environmental contingencies, via animal lesion models and human neuroimaging. The latest Tweets from SANS (@SANS_news). , Brummerloh, B. , 2011 ; Tanaka et al. Jan 17, 2018 Detecting causal relationships between actions and their outcomes is fundamental to guiding goal-directed behaviour. , Cardinal, R. Impaired . The Social and Affective Neuroscience Society | Official News Feed. Goal-directed actions adapt to changes in action-outcome contingencies as well as to changes in the reward-value of the outcome. 17863/CAM. To further Apr 12, 2013 If, however, a learner can become aware of this trial structure, this may mitigate the effects of delay on causal judgments. org/10. Jan 17, 2018 O'Callaghan, C. W. , Vaghi, M. Our results indicated that those with low causal awareness had reduced May 15, 2013 Causal judgments often relate to contingencies with which people are actively involved rather than being passive observers and a considerable body of research has focused on whether judgments of such action-outcome contingencies bear any relation to objective mathematical quantifiers of the same Oct 6, 2015 Here we used a probabilistic choice task in which we varied action-outcome contingencies in order to assess changes in the subjects' causal judgments regarding these actions. Here we tested this “structural-awareness” hypothesis by manipulating whether response–outcome contingencies were clearly identifiable as such, providing structural information in real Neuropsychologia | Read articles with impact on ResearchGate, the professional network for scientists. Research data supporting Impaired awareness of action-outcome contingency and causality during healthy ageing and following ventromedial prefrontal cortex lesions [Dataset]. https://doi. , & Robbins, T. When networks involved in reward processing and contingency learning are maladaptive, this fundamental ability can be lost, with detrimental consequences for decision-making. This measure of causal awareness was then correlated with whole-brain and subcortical gray matter volumes. 17553 Tracking of action-outcome contingencies has previously been shown to be modulated by neural circuits including the mPFC and caudate nuclei (Liljeholm et al. N. , 2008)—regions that are connected by wider basal ganglia loops

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